Immigrants Grow GDP, according to Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas President and CEO, Robert S. Kaplan.


Do immigrants grow GDP (Gross Domestic Product) in the United States, or hurt it? According to Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas President and CEO, Robert S. Kaplan, immigrants are key to growing U.S. GDP.

“If you think you are actually going to cut the number of immigrants and grow GDP, those two things do not go together.” (See this article posted on

Kaplan’s comment was made during a trade conference in Dallas back on September 26, 2019. He also noted that,

“Texas is the largest exporting state in the country, and we have a substantial number of immigrants… the state is among a leader nationally in the growth of its Hispanic population.”

How It Works

Lena Groeger of ProPublica analyzed the relationship between overall (not per capita) growth and immigrants in this article. According to her analysis, as of July 2017, if the U.S. deported all of its 11.3 million undocumented immigrants, the U.S. would lose approximately $8 trillion by 2031. On the other hand, granting those same 11.3 undocumented immigrants legal status would grow overall U.S. GDP by $2 trillion over that same time period. In other words, deporting undocumented immigrants in large numbers may actually harm the economy, while giving them all legal status may help it.

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